design - Land Rover section

 

Land Rover weight measurements

and spring numbers for all models

 

Land Rover weights can be of interest to anyone fine tuning a suspension or just wanting to know how much weight they can carry and how to distribute that load.

When Rover matched springs to vehicles they assumed a standard adult weight in each seat, full fuel tank and the cargo to be placed at the rear behind the forward facing seats. In station wagons, the cargo in the rear between the feet of side facing adult passengers. Looking at the factory specs for loaded and unloaded vehicles, between about 75 to 85% of weight added to a series Land Rover is supposed to be carried by the rear springs.

One immediate implication is when loading a roof rack. THe heaviest items should be at the rear of the vehicle. You should always strive to carry weight as low as possible in a series Land Rover but the numbers say that the absolute worst loading feaux pas is to place a lovely row of full Jerry cans across the front of your roof rack.

I have interpolated (tortured) the data below to come up with spring load ranges for each spring the factory currently offers for series Land Rovers. The interpolations are on a separate web page. Depending upon vehicle modifications, the weights you carry and where you carry the weight you may need to mix springs from models for the best ride quality and maximum spring articulation.

The table below contains data taken from two sources, the spring numbers came from the Land Rover Series III parts book and represents springs available at this writing.

The weight data comes from a Land Rover handbook titled "Land-Rover Technical Details, For Staff guidance only - not for general issue to the public, October 1971"

Unless marked unleaden, each weight is a factory recommended maximum weight. Weights are in pounds with kilograms in parenthesis.

Unleaden is wet weight as delivered with 5 British gallons of fuel.

Official payloads for cross country are:

  • 88 regular - 3 persons + 1,000 pounds
  • 88 stationwagon - 6 persons + 50 pounds
  • 109 regular - 3 persons + 1,800 pounds
  • 109 stationwagon - 10 persons + 200 pounds
  • 1-ton - 3 persons + 2240 pounds

Assume that all the non-person weight is meant to go behind the forward facing seating area.

Rover defines a person as weighing 167 pounds

 

Land Rover Factory Data from 1971

  Front axle
weight
Rear axle
weight
Total vehicle
weight
88 regular, petrol

Lbs (Kg)

   

unleaden axle weight

1640 (744)

1313 (595)

2953 (1339)

Normal road work

1828 (830)

2625 (1190)

4453 (1339)

Cross country

1828 (830)

2425 (1100)

4253 (1930)

Passenger spring #

242863

517589

 

Driver side spring #

241283

517588

 

Cross country load, pounds [% total load]

188 [17%]

1112 [83%]

1300

       
88 regular, diesel

Lbs (Kg)

   

unleaden axle weight

1730 (785)

1367 (620)

3097 (1405)

Normal road work

2140 (970)

2625 (1190)

4765 (2160

Cross country

2140 (970)

2425 (1100)

4565 (2070)

Passenger spring #

264563

517589

 

Driver side spring #

265627

517588

 

Cross country load, pounds [% total load]

410 [28%]

1058 [72%]

1468

       
88 Stationwagon

Lbs (Kg)

   

unleaden axle weight

1724 (782)

1557 (706)

3281 (1488)

Normal road work

1828 (830)

2625 (1190)

4453 (2020)

Cross country

1828 (830)

2425 (1100)

4253 (1930)

Passenger spring #

242863

517589

 

Driver side spring #

241283

517588

 

Cross country load, pounds [% total load]

104 [12%]

868 [88%]

972

       
109 regular, 2.25L petrol

Lbs (Kg)

   

unleaden axle weight

1839 (834)

1462 (663)

3301 (1497)

Normal road work

2140 (970)

3765 (1710)

5905 (2680)

Cross country

2140 (970)

3665 (1620)

5705 (2590)

Passenger spring #

264563

279679

 

Driver side spring #

265627

279678

 

Cross country load, pounds [% total load]

301 [14%]

2203 [86%]

2404

       
109 regular, 2.25 diesel

Lbs (Kg)

   

unleaden axle weight

1946 (882)

1525 (692)

3471 (1574)

Normal road work

2320 (1050)

3765 (1710)

6085 (2760)

Cross country

2320 (1050)

3565 (1620)

5885 (2670)

Passenger spring #

265627

279679

 

Driver side spring #

276034

279678

 

Cross country load, pounds [% total load]

374 [15%]

2040 [85%]

2414

       
109 Stationwagon 2.25L

Lbs (Kg)

   

unleaden axle weight

1739 (789)

2013 (913)

3752 (1702)

109 Stationwagon 2.6L      

unleaden axle weight

1699 (771)

2211 (1003)

3910 (1774)

Normal road work

2140 (970)

3765 (1710)

5905 (2680)

Cross country

2140 (970)

3565 (1620)

5705 (2590)

Passenger spring #

264563

279679

 

Driver side spring #

265627

279678

 

Cross country load - 2.25, pounds [% total load]

401 [25%]

1552 [ 75%]

1953

Cross country load - 2.6

441 [25%]

1354 [75%]

1795

       
109 1-ton

Lbs (Kg)

   

unleaden axle weight

2088 (947)

1798 (816)

3886 (1763)

Road & cross country

2550 (1157)

4200 (1905)

6750 (3062)

Passenger spring #

265627

535173

 

Driver side spring #

276034

535173

 

Cross country load, pounds [% total load]

462 [20%]

2402 [80%]

2864

Return to suspension series contents

Return to page top

 

If you would like to discuss any of the contents, or just say hi, please feel free to .

 

© 1997, 2001 TeriAnn Wakeman. All rights reserved.  Web site design by Marigold Ltd