TeriAnns Expedition Land Rover web site

Series Land Rover maintenance, modifications and trip preparation
How-to tech & tips plus travel pictures and stories

THE Dormobile tech web site

 

 

"A Land Rover is less of a car than a state of mind."
from review of the 1964 Series Land Rover by Car and Driver magazine

I own a 1960 Land Rover Series II 109 that I purchased in 1978. I have named her "The Green Rover".  During the years that I have owned her I have learned her mechanical limits and my driving limits.  With practice I've learned to expand my driving limits and have modified my Series Land Rover's limits where needed for the type of travel I like to do.

I originally purchased my Land Rover to work as a ranch vehicle but as wanderlust set in she spent more time traveling than working on the ranch. After a while I gave in and transformed her into a long range expedition Land Rover.

I tend to travel alone with an Irish Wolfhound, good books and a camera. I'm prone towards a gypsy style of travel where destinations are optional and not necessarily desirable. Some days I stop in one location and wait several hours for the sun to move into the right location for a picture and other days never break camp because I'm trapped in a good book.   About the only  time I pay attention to schedules and preplanned routes is when I'm leading a tour.

Over the years My Series Land Rover, dogs and I have meandered through North America, East - West from coast to coast and North - South from about half way up Canada to the Mexican border. The majority of my Land Rover travels tend to be in the greater Four Corners area.   The longest I've been out on a single Land Rover camping trip so far is 3 months.

During the years that I have maintained and traveled with The Green Rover I have learned and experienced a number of things I would like to share. There is lots of good stuff here. I have tried to arrange the contents to help you quickly locate things of interest. As an alternative to the subject contents below, you can look in the index which is an alphabetical list of topics.

"for some reason every time I start reading her site, I have the uncontrollable urge to just get in my truck and drive, or wrench on it or kiss it." Tim Smith 2007

My other car is a 1961 Triumph TR3A. Teriann's TRUIMPH TR3A web site
Also, I collect Aladdin brand Kerosene lamps

 

Land Rover planning

How watching TV changed my life

 

   
This web site focuses on Series Land Rovers, conversions and modifications to Series Land Rovers, Land Rover caravans, Series Land Rover expedition preparation and has Land Rover related photo galleries.   There is some contents relating to Land Rover Defenders, but most everything is Series Land Rover focused.
Land Rover contents

Engine conversionsGearbox, stock & conversions  |  Suspension  |  Brake upgrades  |  Additional fuel tanks  |   Other modifications

 

Travel related   |  Land Rover Caravans (Dormobile, Carawagon, etc,)    |  MaintenanceDescriptions & specs   |  Photo Galleries   |   Links

 

About The Green Rover   |   Snapshots from the trail  |  Stories & blogs   |   Teriann's home page

 

Maintenance technical specifications   |  Factory recommended maintenance schedule  | 


Travel Related Articles

 

Thoughts on choosing a Land Rover model for extended vehicle based expedition style travel
covers Series, Defenders, Range rover classic, Land Rover Discovery I and II
 
Spare parts and tools I take on trips
An inventory of spares and tools I take along on expeditions
 
Contents of The Green Rover's survival kit
What my car caries, just in case
 
Contents of my personal survival kit
What I lug around just in case
 
Things to do: Before the trip
Preparation helps you get home intact
 
Things to do: After the trip
keeping you car in good condition
 
Cooking on the trail  (early draft book selection)
Developing your own style of Land Rover trail cooking
 
Trail etiquette (draft book selection)
The art of learning to play well with others
Water crossings  (draft book selection)
Preparation, reading the water and afterwards
 
Back issues of The Aluminum Workhorse   (Scanned into pdf format)
The Aluminum Workhorse was the news letter of the now defunct Land Rover Owners Association (LROA).  Started in 1984, the LROA was meant to be many things - a local club organizing trips and social events for local members, an umbrella organization for chapters of the club across the US, and a channel for Rover owners to meet and share data about all sorts of subjects of interest.

Part of the organization's value to the members was the club newsletter, called the "Aluminum Workhorse". The AW was the channel which the members used to communicate with the club and each other - sharing tips, tricks, and the thousand and one different pieces of information that can help an owner to live with a car as unique as an old Land-Rover.

In my spare time I am trying to write a book on overland travel in North America.  The project may never get completed.  So rather than keep my writing to myself I'm sharing parts of it as I write.

Rear of Dormobile at meet

Land Rover Caravans - Dormobile, Carawagon, Park-Ranger, Land-Rover Explorer and X-PANDA-CAB

 

 

 

Land Rover Dormobiles
Land Rover based camping conversions manufactured by Martin Walter Ltd. The Green Rover features a Dormobile conversion kit rescued from a wrecked Land Rover Dormobile.
 
Carawagons
Land Rover based camping conversion made by R.J. Searle Ltd. Includes model identification and copies of sales brochures showing "Standard" model configurations.
 
Dormobile and Carawagon comparison  PDF FILE
Magazine article from Motor Caravan Magazine, October 1998 used with kind permission from Link House Publishing
 
Park-Rangers
Land Rover based camping conversion made by Hall Park Garage Ltd.  Includes interior layout diagrams and caravan feature list.
 
Land Rover Explorer
American dealer option camper that fit a 109 pickup.  Available from North American Land Rover dealers from April 1965
 
 
X-PANDA-CAB
Pop up roof conversion with optional interior furniture made in Colorado, USA.

Land Rover Dormobile badge
Early style Land Rover Dormobile wing badge

Land Rover Dormobile badge

 

The following is from a 1966 Dormobile brochure with minor revisions:

Freedom

WHEN YOU BUY A DORMOBILE CARAVAN YOU BUY A NEW WAY OF LIFE

Consider these 10 DORMOBILE Freedoms:

  • FREEDOM to ignore holiday hotel worries - and bills
  • FREEDOM to live comfortably and easily in the open air, out on the trail
  • FREEDOM to decide and then go - straight away - for a month, a week, a day
  • FREEDOM to drive without tiresome towing,  preplanned end of day destinations or even paved roads
  • FREEDOM to tour - Moab or The Badlands - and take your home with you
  • FREEDOM to take advantage of those spare moments - those crisp, clear winter days - when owners of other 4x4's stay at home
  • FREEDOM to eat what you like, when you like and cooked how you like it
  • FREEDOM to sleep - comfortable and secure - at the end of an exciting day
  • FREEDOM to enjoy outdoor interests - fishing, boating, climbing, photography, walking, beach combing- or just looking
                                                                                         ABOVE ALL
  • FREEDOM to relax, in your mobile home, away from the everyday routine and stress of modern life.

MARTIN WALTER LTD.

A high percentage of the Land Rovers taken around the world are Dormobiles.  On a per model basis I strongly suspect that Dormobiles are the most traveled model of Land Rover.  Every person who purchased a Land Rover Dormobile from Martin Walter had travel in mind, often long distances to exotic locations.  I'm always happy when I see another Land Rover caravan out on the trail still exploring the world.


Maintenance related Articles

 

 

 

Series Land Rover maintenance technical specifications
Torque settings, fluid types & capacities, adjustment settings, electrical
 
Factory recommended maintenance schedule for Series Land Rovers
What to do and when to keep your Series Land Rover in reliable operating condition
  
Lucas wire colour code table
Lists uses for each wire colour
 
Fuse replacement chart
British fuse ratings and American fuse ratings are NOT the same. This chart might prevent a fire in your truck
 
 
Alternative parts numbers for Series Land Rovers
Part numbers for seals, bearings oil filters, 'U' joints, spark plugs and more. These are companies that are common in the U.S.
 
Frequently asked questions
These are replies to frequently asked "How to" questions. They came from the world wide leaf spring Land Rover mail list and the US West coast e-mail list.
INCLUDES the popular page on replacing 109 brake shoes
 
Demystifying Distributors
How I set my points and timing
 
Diesel Starter motor rebuilding
Adrian Redmond provides step by step instruction on how to rebuild your Series Land Rover diesel starter motor
 
 
Repair of the early style choke cable
This information provided by my friends at Rover's North
 
Sliding window channel and glass replacement
For the rear side sliding window. The factory manual is misleading. Here are step by step instructions.
 
swivel ball seal replacement
A technique Scotty taught me for replacing leaky front swivel ball seals.
 
Tips and Tweaks
Some ideas on how you can make you car a little more break resistant, and keep it going.
 

Series Land Rover field repairs


Series Land Rover conversions and engine power specifications

 

 

 

Discussions and data for Series Land Rover engine conversions

An introduction to Series Land Rover engine conversions
My thoughts about what works well and what might require a lot of work
 
How-to thoughts about converting a Series Land Rover to a V8
(body & engine bay prep covered here.  Also radiators)
Small block Ford conversion (engine details)
Small block Chevy conversion (mostly vehicle prep)
 
How-to thoughts about converting a Series Land Rover to a Diesel (not finished yet)
200tdi conversion (step by step conversion details)
 
6.2 GM diesel conversion (Go's to Peter Hope's web site)
 
616 Mercedes conversion (Goes to the SeriesTrek web site)
 
617 Mercedes conversion (Introduction to a conversion kit sold by Robert Davis)
 
Scotty adapters for Chevy conversions
While no longer available, over 500 adapters were manufactured so there are a lot kicking around out there. I have a page that provides background information, information about the adapter and pilot bearing and a PDF copy of the latest version of the installation instructions
 
Some engine power specifications
Metric power ratings for various Rover engines and non-Rover engines commonly transplanted into Rovers.
 
Gearboxes and transfer cases commonly used with engine swaps in Series Land Rovers
Along with some thoughts on how to choose among them
 

302 in a Series Land Rover

6AT in a Series Land Rover


Land Rover gearboxes and Common conversion gearboxes

 

 

 

Gear boxes
An overview of the gearboxes used in Land Rovers from series through the present
 
Gearboxes and transfer cases commonly used with engine swaps in Series Land Rovers
Along with some thoughts on how to choose among them
 
Adapters to connect various 4 and 5 speed gearboxes to a Series transfercase
 
Gear ratios
Covers Series and coiler Land Rover gearboxes, popular conversion gear boxes, overdrives and Ashcroft high ratio transfer case
109 rear propshaft lengths measured at half extension on the sliding joint: For Rover diff - 41 13/16" or 1062mm, for Salisbury diff - 40 1/16" or 1017mm.  The difference between the two shafts is 1.75" or 45mm. A stock Series III 109 rear propshaft is the Salisbury type since a Salisbury rear diff was standard fitment on a series III 109.

T-18 and adapter

 


Suspension data and modification for leaf sprung Land Rovers

 

 

 

This section presents my personal thoughts and current understandings on the subject of optimizing leaf springs and suspension for expedition travel. These pages are grouped together because each one adds something different to the subject of Land Rover leaf spring suspension.

Setting up a leaf spring suspension for expedition travel
My thoughts on optimizing a suspension including making springs work better than new.
 
Land Rover weight specifications
Factory data for empty and Max axle & total weights for all series III models. Includes a listing of which model uses which spring.
 
Spring tuning
Choosing springs that work best with your Land Rover from the available Land Rover parts
 
Shocks, setting your leaf springs free
The shocking news and what to do about it.
 
Adding ground clearance
Some factors involved when lifting a Land Rover
 
 

Land Rover rear filler


Adding fuel tanks to Series Land Rovers

 

 

 

Adding a rear fuel tank to a 109 two door
How I added a rear fuel tank to my 109 two door Series Land Rover.
 
Adding a rear fuel tank to an 88
Bob Bernard's modification to "Sherman" his 88 Land Rover
 
Adding a second front fuel tank
How I added a front fuel tank to my Series Land Rover's left under seat location.
Alternative fuel gauges and sender units
How I added 3 inch dia fuel gauges to my 109 Land Rover
 
 

Land Rover rear filler

 


Brake conversions to Series Land Rovers

 

 

 

Dual power brakes on a series II
How I converted my Land Rover's brakes to dual power brakes
 
Overview of front disc brake conversion kits
Descriptions of Series Land Rover disc brake conversion kits that I'm aware of
 
My front disc brake conversion using the Torrel Industries kit
How I converted my Series Land Rover 109 from front drum brakes to disc brakes using the series Land Rover disc brake conversion kit from Torrel Industries
 

Land Rover disc brake conversion

 


Modification from stock Articles

 

 

 

Land Rover power steering
Converting from positive to negative earth
How I converted my Land Rover's electrical system to negative earth so I could connect radios
 
Delco 3 wire alternators
A primer on Delco 3 wire alternators suitable for Series Land Rovers and how to wire one up.
 
Adding a tach to my series II
How I added a MGB tach to my Series II Land Rover without pain
 
Converting to Halogen headlamps
How-to make the conversion plus headlamp wiring harness "tune up"
 
Converting a series rig to power steering
Discussion on how to convert a series LR to power steering using a Saginaw power steering box. Has lots of pictures.
 
Rear corner frame modification
For increased corner body protection and stable rear jack point
 
Adapting s pre-2006 Defender bulkhead to fit a Series truck
New Series bulkheads and repair sections are no longer available. This link takes you to a web site where Nick Kilvert shows how to convert a Defender bulkhead to fit a Series truck.  This conversion is easier if you also convert to power steering as the Defender foot wells are deeper and interfere with the Series steering box mounting location.  It is also easier if you score a Defender accelerator pedal and convert to cable linkage.

 

 


Descriptions and specifications

 

 

 

How a skirted thermostat works
Tells you why that skirt is there
 
Kodiak Heaters
Everything I know about Kodiak heaters.
 
Ignition/headlamp switch
Everything I know about the ignition/headlamp switch used on positive earth LRs
 
Paint colours
used on 1958 through 1974 Series Land Rovers
 
1962 Land Rover USA price list
It's a poor copy but readable. .pdf format
 
1962 Land Rover USA options list
Its a poor copy but readable.  .pdf format
 
1962 Land Rover 109 basic chassis (coach builders) drawing
From a 1964 blueprint. Much is faded (3.2MB jpeg)
 
Factory drawings from early 1960's brochures
Rolling frames, engine and gearbox.
 
Factory ninety and one Ten driving specifications
Factory recommendations for driving pre-Defender coilers.
 
Torque table
Average torque values for common bolts
 
Spanner gap chart
Ever wonder what size wrench to use on a mystery bolt? Calipers and this chart gives you the answer.
 
Common metric to US unit conversions
Factors for converting engine power and size specs, fluids and distance.
 
Fuse replacement chart
British fuse ratings and American fuse ratings are NOT the same. This chart might prevent a fire in your truck
 
Lucas wire colour code table
Lists uses for each wire colour
 

Below are important hard to find bits of information that are just too small to warrant their own web pages.  So I put them here for future reference.

Wheel stud thread sizes -
      Series I/II and early IIA 9'16ths BSF (16 TPI)
     Late IIA, SIII. Range Rover Classic, Discovery I & US spec Defenders M16X1.5

Roof rivets - attaches gutter to roof -
      Semi-tubular truss head rivet, 5/32 dia,3/8 length.  To seal the gutter use 3M Self Leveling Seam Sealer. It's paintable, can be applied with a squeeze hand gun or pneumatic air gun. It levels by itself, just wait for it to dry and your good.

 

Photo by Sam Shaw

About the Green Rover

Known history
The story of a girl and her Rover
 
Design Specifications
The specifications I used to turn The Green Rover into a long range expedition vehicle
 
Mark II specifications
I have lived in the car for over 20 weeks while on trips since the original expedition conversion was completed. It works well but I can do better.
 
Major modifications
Descriptions and pictures of the major modifications that have been made to The Green Rover
 
Physical specifications
Dimensions, weights and capacities of The Green Rover
 
The Great Rebuild of 1999
Wow! I got a V8 and power steering!
 
2007 front 24 spline axle upgrade
I converted from 10 spline front axles to 24 spline, added a stronger ring & pinion, high angle prop shaft and greasable frame bushings
 
Pre Dormobile pictures of The Green Rover 
Some images of my Land Rover from the time I brought her home in March 1978 and until the Dormobile conversion was installed in August 1997
 
Pictures of the Green Rover's Dormobile exterior
1998 was the first pictorial study I made after the Dormobile conversion
 
Pictures of the Green Rover's Dormobile interior
Home sweet home
 
The Green Rover's Mercury Winch
I have not seen another nor know anything about the company so I decided to document my winch as best as I could
 

Land Rover grille
Winter in Flagstaff AZ

Some people have asked where I have Driven my Dormobile so I thought I would add a map. 

Up until recently my truck has been based along California's Monterey bay so most of my travels have been in the Western US and Canada.  But we have spent some time traveling and exploring out East. 

                               My travels in Canada
My travels in the USA

Land Rover Dormobie in Moab
The Green Rover camped at Kane Creek just outside Moab

Gallery of Land Rover Images

Pictures taken along the way (medium & large format photography)

Snapshots from along the trail     (72dpi  digital snaps taken on the fly)

Mendo XV

Carawagon Land Rovers

Herbert Zipkin's expedition Land Rover
1959 Land Rover Series II 109 station wagon

A home made 88 based caravan
Land Rover Series IIA with pop up roof, sleeps 2

Camel Trophy Land Rovers

Series Land Rovers

Defender Land Rovers

Other Rover 4X4s

Readers Land Rovers in action Old format

Readers Land Rovers in action New format (larger pictures load on page)

Photography in Moument Valley
Taking a picture in Monument valley

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If you would like to discuss any of the contents, or just say hi, please feel free to .

 

© 1997, 2014 Teriann Wakeman. All rights reserved.